Aikido's founder, Morihei Ueshiba, was born in Japan on December 14,
1883. As a boy, he was weak and made up his mind to study martial arts.
He practised almost all the existing martial arts, beginning with
kito-ryo jujitsu, yagyu-ryu, aioi-ryu, hozoin-ryu and finally daito-ryu.
He studied under many teachers---wandering
Japan with a bokken until he found someone superior to him. He stopped
and absorbed all that he could and then moved on.
Morihei Ueshiba also pursued spiritual studies --- as a child he
studied Zen under Mitsujo
Fujimoto of the Shigon School of Buddhism. He later embraced
the Shinto sect Omoto-kyo founded by Wanisaburo Deguchi.
By combining his martial training with his religious and
political ideologies, Ueshiba created the modern martial art of aikido.
Ueshiba decided on the name "aikido" in 1942 (before that he called his
martial art "aikibudo" and "aikinomichi").